We live in an era where the American federal government creates lists of people that are suspected of criminal activity and remove their rights based solely on suspicion. We live in an era where the government records all of our digital activity without obtaining a warrant. We also now know that all of our mobile phone meta data is collected and stored in NSA facilities. No due process is allowed in any of these cases and privacy has become non-existent.
Online privacy is now more important than ever. We are supposed to be secure in our persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, as stated in the constitution, but this right is not respected in modern times. We all use digital communications and files instead of only “papers.” If the government can access all of your private information, it’s just a matter of time until it’s hacked and leaks out to the general public as well. (Think about Hillary’s bathroom server. It was never secure.)
Being anonymous online and protecting your browsing history and digital files is not only for “criminals” and people that have something bad to hide. Would you want a potential employer reconsider hiring you because found out that you have been researching cancer treatments? If you are a gay rights activist is certain middle eastern countries, your online activity could become a death sentence. If you frequent AR15 related gun sites, and the government decides to put you on a terrorist watch list without due process, there is nothing to stop them.
This informative Ted Talk by Jacob Appelbaum (YouTube link below) explains why online privacy is so important and how to encrypt your online activity and to hide your identity and location. Online privacy is about preserving our 4th amendment rights.